Kids who struggle with self-directed talk and being flexible have a propensity to become labeled as behavior problems at school because of their inflexible thinking and lack of age-expected problem solving skills. Labels like “oppositional defiant disorder”, “lazy” are often associated with kids who lack this aspect of executive functioning.
One of the strategies I use is to help map out inflexible thinking processes and show alternatives to how we can think differently. The strategies I use to do this come from a combination of Social Thinking and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). I did this with a 6th grader who has a propensity to shut down in math class when he has to finish classwork for homework.